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Phỏng vấn Đặc Biệt với Luật Sư Phạm Đức Tiến (Falls Church, Virginia)
Luật EB-5 Chính Thức Thay Đổi Mức Đầu Tư Từ Ngày 21/11/2019
Theo như chúng tôi đã thông báo đến Quý nhà đầu tư trong thời gian gần đây thì Sở di trú Mỹ ban hành luật mới vào ngày 24/7/2019 với những thay đổi đáng kể về chương trình EB-5. Luật mới sẽ áp dụng kể từ ngày 21/11/2019 với nội dung:
• Tăng suất đầu tư trực tiếp từ 1 triệu USD lên 1.8 triệu USD
• Tăng suất đầu tư gián tiếp từ 500 nghìn USD lên 900 nghìn USD
• TEA (Vùng điểm việc làm) phải nằm kề với dự án. Thay đổi này sẽ làm gây trở ngại lớn đối với những dự án trung tâm vùng và nhiều dự án hiện tại sẽ mất giấy phép TEA
• Đơn vị có thẩm quyền duyệt TEA chuyển từ cấp bang lên cấp Bộ an ninh quốc gia Mỹ. Tất cả các đơn EB-5 xin thẻ xanh (còn gọi là đơn I-526) nộp Sở di trú trước ngày 21/11/2019 sẽ được áp dụng luật EB-5 cũ
New Rulemaking Brings Significant Changes to EB-5 Program
Minimum Investments, Targeted Employment Area Designations Among Reforms
WASHINGTON—U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will publish a final rule on July 24 that makes a number of significant changes to its EB-5 Immigrant Investor Program, marking the first significant revision of the program’s regulations since 1993. The final rule will become effective on Nov. 21, 2019.
Major changes to EB-5 in the final rule include:
Raising minimum investment amounts: As of the effective date of the final rule, the standard minimum investment level will increase from $1 million to $1.8 million, the first increase since 1990, to account for inflation. The rule also keeps the 50% minimum investment differential between a TEA and a non-TEA, thereby increasing the minimum investment amount in a TEA from $500,000 to $900,000. The final rule also provides that the minimum investment amounts will automatically adjust for inflation every five years.
• TEA designation reforms: The final rule outlines changes to the EB-5 program to address gerrymandering of high-unemployment areas (which means deliberately manipulating the boundaries of an electoral constituency). Gerrymandering of such areas was typically accomplished by combining a series of census tracts to link a prosperous project location to a distressed community to obtain the qualifying average unemployment rate. As of the effective date of the final rule, DHS will eliminate a state’s ability to designate certain geographic and political subdivisions as high-unemployment areas; instead, DHS would make such designations directly based on revised requirements in the regulation limiting the composition of census tract-based TEAs. These revisions will help ensure TEA designations are done fairly and consistently, and more closely adhere to congressional intent to direct investment to areas most in need.
• Clarifying USCIS procedures for removing conditions on permanent residence: The rule revises regulations to make clear that certain derivative family members who are lawful permanent residents must independently file to remove conditions on their permanent residence. The requirement would not apply to those family members who were included in a principal investor’s petition to remove conditions. The rule improves the adjudication process for removing conditions by providing flexibility in interview locations and to adopt the current USCIS process for issuing Green Cards.
• Allowing EB-5 petitioners to keep their priority date: The final rule also offers greater flexibility to immigrant investors who have a previously approved EB-5 immigrant petition. When they need to file a new EB-5 petition, they generally now will be able to retain the priority date of the previously approved petition, subject to certain exceptions.
Last Reviewed/Updated: 07/23/2019

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